A summary restates ideas in your own words—but for specialized or clinical terms, you may need to use terms that appear in the original source. If you are writing an essay, the support may be from the course lectures, excerpts from a text you studied, or examples from your experience that substantiate the points you want to make. dissertation examples newcastle university No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or otherwise without prior written permission of the copyright holder.
In recent years, issues related to the fair use of sources have been prevalent in popular culture. A paper that presents an original experiment would include some discussion of similar prior research in the field. paraphrasing activities january 2017 How you balance primary and secondary source material in your paper will depend on the topic and assignment.
How do you strike the right balance? This is a derivative of Writing for Success by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution, originally released and is used under CC BY-NC-SA. No process is absolutely right or absolutely wrong; find the one that best suits you. good thesis for gender roles End-of-Chapter Exercises Chapter Follow guidelines for summarizing, paraphrasing, and quoting sources.
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For uses beyond those covered by law or the Creative Commons license, permission to reuse should be sought directly from the copyright owner. Low-carbohydrate diets may indeed be superior to other diet plans for short-term weight loss. If you need to consult outside sources to research a document you are creating, follow the general guidelines already discussed, as well as any industry-specific citation guidelines. Summarizing Sources When you summarize material from a source, you zero in on the main points and restate them concisely in your own words. In the next few sections, you will learn how to use these techniques in the body of your paper to weave in source material to support your ideas.
The period at the end of the sentence comes after the parentheses. Using Secondary Sources Effectively For some assignments, it makes sense to rely more on secondary sources than primary sources. To avoid unintentional plagiarism, follow these guidelines:.
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Fair use means that the writer legitimately uses brief excerpts from source material to support and develop his or her own ideas. Writing the body sections first will help you clarify your main points. affordable ghostwriters elementary school Ellipses and brackets must be used to indicate words that were omitted or changed for conciseness or grammatical correctness. Low-carbohydrate diets often help subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels Leibowitz, Leibowitz found that low-carbohydrate diets often helped subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels.
Summarizing and paraphrasing are usually most effective for this purpose. Leibowitz found that low-carbohydrate diets often helped subjects with Type II diabetes maintain a healthy weight and control blood-sugar levels. college essay help service why xml End-of-Chapter Exercises Chapter 5: Inexperienced writers sometimes use the thesaurus method of paraphrasing—that is, they simply rewrite the source material, replacing most of the words with synonyms. Page numbers are necessary only when content has been directly quoted, not when it has been summarized or paraphrased.
A paraphrased source differs from a summarized source in that you focus on restating the ideas, not condensing them. End-of-Chapter Exercises Chapter 7: As you write, you may want to provide concrete examples and support for what you say. term paper writing service guidelines Research papers generally follow the same basic structure: Working with Sources Carefully Disorganization and carelessness sometimes lead to plagiarism.
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When you paraphrase material from a source, restate the information from an entire sentence or passage in your own words, using your own original sentence structure. Check original sources again to clear up any uncertainties. A first draft is a more elaborate version of an outline and is written in complete sentences and paragraphs. The Structure of a Research Paper Research papers generally follow the same basic structure:
On a separate sheet of paper, follow these steps to practice paraphrasing. Writers often work out of sequence when writing a research paper. You will use topic sentences in your paragraphs to make sure readers understand the significance of any facts, details, or quotations you cite.
Because he was relying on secondary sources to support his ideas, he made a point of citing sources that were not far removed from primary research. How Do I Begin? Academic integrity violations have serious educational and professional consequences.